Hopscotch is a classic children's game that has been enjoyed for generations. Hopscotch is a great way to get active and have fun. In this article, we'll provide step-by-step instructions on how to play hopscotch and offer some tips on how to improve your skills.

How to Play Hopscotch

To play hopscotch, draw a hopscotch grid consisting of ten squares on a flat surface. Each player takes turns tossing a marker onto the grid to determine who goes first. The first player stands at square one and hops on one foot into each square, skipping over the square with the marker. When they reach the end of the grid, they turn around and hop back, picking up the marker on the way.

Each round adds a new challenge to the game, such as hopping on two feet or skipping over certain squares. The game ends when a player makes a mistake, such as stepping on a line or losing their balance.

Equipment Required

Hopscotch is a simple game that doesn't require any special equipment. All you need is a flat surface, such as a sidewalk, a gym floor, or a piece of paper. You can draw the hopscotch grid using chalk, tape, or a marker. As for the marker, you can use any small object, such as a stone, a beanbag, or a small toy. Some people also like to use colorful chalk or markers to decorate the grid and make it more visually appealing. Overall, hopscotch is a game that can be played with minimal equipment, making it a great choice for a fun and easy activity.

Step-by-Step Instructions

  1. Draw the Hopscotch Grid

    To play hopscotch, you'll need to draw a hopscotch grid on a flat surface. This can be done with chalk on a sidewalk, with tape on a gym floor, or with a marker on a piece of paper. The hopscotch grid consists of a series of squares numbered vertically from 1 to 10. Squares 4 & 5 and 7 & 8 are positioned side-by-side. Make sure that each square is large enough to fit an entire foot inside.

    Figure 1 shows how the grid should look:

    A hopscotch grid.
    Figure 1: An example of a hopscotch grid layout.
  2. Toss the Marker

    To determine who goes first, each player takes a turn tossing a marker (such as a stone or beanbag) onto the hopscotch grid. The first player whose marker lands inside square 1 goes first. If the marker misses, touches the border of the square, or bounces out, the player loses their turn.

  3. Hop Through the Grid

    The first player hops on one foot into each square, starting at square 1, skipping over the square with the marker. When the player reaches the two squares that are positioned next to each other, they must put both feet down simultaneously (one in each square). If you jump into the wrong square or put the wrong number of feet down, you lose your turn.

  4. Turn Around and Come Back

    When they reach the end of the grid, they turn around (still on one foot) and hop back in the reverse direction.

  5. Picking up the Marker

    When they reach the square that is directly before the marker, they must pick the marker up (still on one foot) and then skip over that square. If they successfully complete the round without stepping on the lines or losing their balance, they move on to the next round.

  6. End of the Round

    Once the player finishes their round, either by reaching the end of the course or by losing their turn, they must hand the marker over to the next player for them to take their turn. After every player has taken their turn, those that completed the previous round successfully will begin the next round by throwing the marker into square 2. Those that were unsuccessful will have another attempt at the previous round.

  7. End the Game

    The aim is to successfully complete every round with the marker starting in each square (1-10). The first player to do this wins the game.

Variations of Hopscotch

There are many variations to the classic game of hopscotch that can add new challenges and excitement. Here are some popular variations:

  • Double hopscotch: This version uses two hopscotch grids side by side, with players hopping between them.
  • Blindfolded hopscotch: Players wear a blindfold while hopping through the grid, adding an extra challenge to the game.
  • Giant hopscotch: This version uses a larger hopscotch grid, with players hopping through the squares with both feet instead of one foot.
  • Partner hopscotch: Two players stand in each square and hop through the grid together, holding hands or linking arms.
  • Roundabout hopscotch: Players hop through the squares in a circular pattern instead of a straight line, adding a new twist to the game.

Varying the Rounds

It is also possible to make variations between rounds. Varying each round can add a new challenge to the game. Here are some examples of different rounds of hopscotch:

  • Round 1: Hop through the grid using one foot for each square.
  • Round 2: Hop through the grid using one foot, but use two feet for squares that are positioned side-by-side.
  • Round 3: Hop through the grid using one foot for each square, but landing with both feet on square 1 and on the square with the marker.
  • Round 4: Hop through the grid using one foot for each square, but skip over square 1 and land with both feet on the square with the marker.
  • Round 5: Hop through the grid using one foot for each square, but jump on both feet on the square with the marker and then hop back.

Tips for Improving Your Hopscotch Skills

Practice Your Balance

Balance is key to hopscotch, so practice standing on one foot and shifting your weight from side to side.

Use Your Arms

Swinging your arms can help you maintain your balance and momentum as you hop.

Focus On Your Landing

Try to land softly on each square, using your toes to cushion your landing.

Play With Friends

Playing with others can help you improve your skills and add some friendly competition to the game.

Benefits of Playing Hopscotch

Playing hopscotch is not only a fun pastime but it also offers a variety of benefits for both children and adults. The physical activity of hopping through the grid helps to develop balance, coordination, and gross motor skills. The repeated motion of hopping can also improve cardiovascular health and overall fitness.

In addition to physical benefits, hopscotch can also help to develop cognitive and social skills. Players must use strategy and problem-solving skills to plan their moves through the grid and adapt to changing challenges. Playing hopscotch with others can also promote teamwork, communication, and social interaction.

Hopscotch can also be used as an educational tool to teach a variety of concepts, making it a valuable tool for educators and parents. For example, hopscotch can be used to teach numbers and counting by having children call out the number of the square they land on. Different colored squares can be used to teach colors or patterns, and different shapes can be drawn in each square to teach geometry.

Hopscotch can also be used to teach language skills, such as having children name a word that starts with each letter of the alphabet as they hop through the grid. The versatility of hopscotch as an educational tool makes it a valuable addition to any classroom or home learning environment.


How many numbers in a hopscotch game?

Traditionally, a hopscotch grid will be numbered from 1-10, but there is no limit. For more difficult games you can increase the numbers as far as you wish.

How big are the squares in hopscotch?

The squares in hopscotch must be big enough so that you can comfortably fit your feet and the marker inside. For a more difficult game, you can reduce the size of the squares so that your feet barely fit inside.